Wycombe Wanderers, Peterborough United, BradfordCity, Shrewsbury Town FC, Fleetwood Town FC, Gillingham FC – do you recognize them?
English football league: general info and structure of English football
The English Premier League occupies a special place in all European football championships. This is the oldest club tournament of the present, which for more than a hundred years has been interrupted only during the period of world wars. England is not just a home of football it is a special sports spirit, passion of struggle, self-giving up to the last minute and unforgettable impressions of the presence in the stadiums. For fans, it does not matter which division plays your favorite team and where it is in the standings. Often, even meetings of the fourth to fifth rank the tens of thousands of fans.
The Premier League is the peak of the pedestal, which for decades has been subdued by a few. In the modern era, this is also the most status tournament in Europe in terms of player earnings and television payments. Even the last team on the season’s results is guaranteed to receive several tens of millions of pounds for the televised rights of displaying their matches. What about the recognized leaders of English football, which can spend on transfers of about 100 million for one player. The aggregate value of all the players of some grand leagues is approaching a billion dollars. In recent years, it was precisely the Premier League that became the most prestigious and highly paid tournament in which every football player dreams. The unpredictability of the results (the champion can easily lose to the last team), the struggle to the last minute (a huge number of goals is scored already in the added time), moderate stiffness (here you will not see injury simulations or persistent delays of time) and a special culture on the stands – all this is the English Premier.
Features and gradation
The English Premier League is a league that is the highest football division of England. It was created in 1992 in its present form. At the moment, this is the most popular and spectacular football league in the world, whose number of fans is constantly growing. This league has incredible contracts with the television that allow even modest teams to successfully enter the transfer market and sign high-level players, which did not dream of anyone outsiders of other divisions.Football is not just a sport, it’s a whole culture for all English fans, and clubs such as Manchester United, Chelsea, Arsenal, and Liverpool have a total of more than 10 million fans around the world. Therefore, betting on the matches of the Premier League for betters is especially popular. Each match requires careful analysis to understand the status of both teams and predict the correct outcome of the meeting.
In the modern history of the English League, it is worthwhile to highlight six top clubs that compete for the highest places and qualify for the title – Manchester United, Manchester City, Liverpool, Chelsea, Arsenal and Tottenham. All confrontations between these teams are considered the main posters of any season. Also, do not forget about the Mercoside Derby between Everton and Liverpool. This football championship is popular not only for the fans of this game but also for fans of tickle nerves with the help of stakes. Bookmakers are actively responding to this interest and are betting on everything that is good in this championship. Variants are masses for rates. To make non-standard bets, any player can find in English editions a lot of statistics for any game or team, and make bets based on it, for example. There are also several small leagues that are part of the overall structure of English football: EFL League 1, League 2 and other divisions.
EFL League 2
The Second England Football League is the third division of the Football League, and also the fourth most significant professional football league in England after the Premier League, the Championship and the First Football League. The tournament was founded in 2004 instead of the Third Division. Before the 1992 Premier League was formed, the league was called the Fourth Division. In its format, EFL League two is almost the same as the First Football League. The championship is held in the autumn-spring system: starts in August, and the last round is played in May. The tournament is attended by 24 teams. Each club must play twice with each opponent. Thus the championship consists of 46 rounds.
According to the results of the season, the first three places of the Second Football League go directly to the division rank higher, and the fourth club is determined in a small playoff tournament. The teams taking places from the fourth to the seventh take part in the playoffs. Traditionally, the fourth team plays with the seventh and the fifth – with the sixth. The winners of both pairs are playing with each other in a one-match final. In turn, there are two clubs dropping in the class that took the last place in the Second Football League. They are replaced by the national champion and the winner of the mini-tournament “playoffs”, which involves teams that took positions from the second to the fifth. There is a mandatory wage limitation in this division. It limits the cost of football players’ wages to 60% of the team turnover.
Genesis of the English Premier League: EFL League one
The English have a very good occasion for the holiday. They really have something to note. These 25 years have dragged England out of the era of stagnation of football culture into its vanguard: dozens of stadiums have been restored and rebuilt from scratch, the overall level of teams of the league is set to a level beyond Europe, the best players and coaches dream to play in the submarine, and the rights to display its games are sold in 210 countries of the world. But how did they manage to create the Premier League in 25 years and how it became the one we know it today?
The end of the 80’s can’t be called a good time for English football. The disgusting organization of clubs (including legal ones), with obscure property rights and statuses, coupled with huge financial debts of clubs, made the UK Championship unprofitable, with all the consequent consequences. The infrastructure was awful, the stadiums collapsed in front of the eyes, the best players went abroad to play, and hooligans dominated all the sports chronicles of the country. The epicrisis of the “horrible 80s” was the events that unfolded in April 1989 at the Hillsborough Stadium, when 96 Liverpool fans died, and the culmination of the ripening on the surface of the crisis was the famous “Taylor report,” which outlined the most important changes in the organization of English football.
But for our story of the great future of leading English clubs, the reference to the document entitled “The Blueprint for the Future of Football”, sponsored by Graham Kelly, which came out a year later in 1990, will be no less important. Kelly was then the president of the Football Association of England (FA) and could accordingly become the key person for introducing innovations and reforms into the world of English football. And he became them. Rather wrong. Paraphrase. Former bank clerk Kelly, who once polished Blackpool’s bench as a back-up goalie, became the key and in fact the only weapon in the hands of the then owners of the leading clubs in the country, in an attempt to change the state of things in the world of English football.
Changes on the TV-market
In the 1960s, on the wave of the popularity of football in the country (as we recall, in 1966, England became the World Champion), the national corporation of the BBC tried to enter the complex market on a centralized basis … and it was a fiasco. The bottom line is that “small clubs” have been united front against live broadcast of matches at their stadiums, because they, in their opinion, scared the spectators from the arena, and the amount of deductions from television would not cover losses from probable losses due to broadcasts from ticket sales. And although advertising revenues from the BBC and ITV (another English broadcaster since the 1970s) grew from year to year, the clubs talked very much with the television guards.
Big Five, not without the assistance of Greg Dyke, director of ITV, begins to prepare the ground for a “television coup”. All this resulted in two huge scandals of the 80s, when the club quintet was more than never close to leaving the Association and creating its League. The most significant of these happened in 1985, when the British tabloids, after the insider “plum”, published a story about the preparations for the creation of a “Superliga”, which will include the five leading clubs of English football, plus five more clubs will receive special invitations to this league . Financing of this “Super League” was completely out of the telephoning and the broadcasters were called only one – ITV (hence, the national league project was called the ITV-League). It was a direct blackmail of the FA. And how could the Big Five clubs get their way differently?
The association through the “Broadcasting Union” blocked the idea and was quite pleased with the restoration of the status quo. But the adventure came out … the television revolution.However, in December 1988, the launch of the Astra television satellite into Earth’s orbit became a real TV revolution for the UK. After the 60th anniversary of the unlimited power of the state corporation in the country’s television and radio, new players came to the British telemedia market. And these were Americans.
Media tycoon Ruppert Murdock, who founded Fox Broadcast, the largest US satellite TV network, went to the fresh British satellite television market in the US, very ferociously and fueled by ideas.Muzdok, having launched a paid network in the US, knew perfectly well that only three things could bring her profitability: porn, Hollywood movies and sports. British laws are very strict in the spread of pornography, and this industry did not fit Murdock because of fear of exaggeration in the courts with representatives of the Puritan society; old-fashioned British films preferred to watch in cinemas or buy on removable media (Merhold’s marketers calculated that this activity would be unprofitable); but sports are the very niche where a tycoon could have invested. This is how SKY, the first UK paid sports television channel, has grown to a huge sports net now with exclusive rights to produce and distribute television pictures in leading European football leagues: England, Germany and Italy.
Revolution inside the Association
The bartender, through the media group BSB (which later was merged with SKY), offered to redeem the rights to broadcast the 1989/1990 season at FA for a record 25 million pounds at the time (ITV offered 11 million). Big clubs immediately realized where their future is. And, despite the fact that the league has entered into an agreement with ITV (with the acceptance of the conditions for the division of income between “big” and “small” clubs in equal parts, but in a proportional system), first Liverpool and Manchester United, and a couple of months later, and the remaining clubs The “Big Five” signed a sponsorship agreement with the BSB on the right to broadcast their home matches.Already at that moment it was obvious to everyone that television would determine the future of English football.
By 1992, the harsh situation continued to persist. Despite the success of BSB-SKY’s cooperation with the leading League clubs, the Association did not want to let Myrdok into its market. As a result (the course was not caught by the hand, but it was true, not without the participation of the tycoon), the leadership in the Association itself changed, and through lobbyists amended the act that companies affiliated with foreign markets could finally receive the status of “head” Broadcaster »in Britain.”The Blueprint for the Future of Football” only expressed on paper the ideas with which Mourdok came to the British television market. From their creation to the implementation of the magnate, it took only three years of painstaking harnessing of the slow-moving British management system.
The concept of football development Kelly spoke, first of all, about the development of football in the country. Mehrdok thus showed that he came seriously and for a long time, and was keenly interested in the growth of the level of the game and the development of sports in Britain. In fact, as you have already guessed, this whole document was just a screen for the Big Five and Murdoch in the creation of a new football league. But for the sake of justice, we note that all the ideas stated in this “program for the development of English football”: the development of children’s and youth football, the creation of a competitive environment in the League, a unified standardization of infrastructure and its improvement, the creation of a championship of youth teams, etc., were implemented for 25 years of existence of the Premier League.